Updating the rba index of commodity prices local aunty wap cun ru
This continuum corresponds to the way that different types of money are more or less controlled by monetary policy.
Narrow measures include those more directly affected and controlled by monetary policy, whereas broader measures are less closely related to monetary-policy actions.
First, in the aftermath of a recession, when many resources are underutilized, an increase in the money supply can cause a sustained increase in real production instead of inflation.
Second, if the velocity of money (i.e., the ratio between nominal GDP and money supply) changes, an increase in the money supply could have either no effect, an exaggerated effect, or an unpredictable effect on the growth of nominal GDP.
Money is used as a medium of exchange, a unit of account, and as a ready store of value.
The following details their principal components: Although the Treasury can and does hold cash and a special deposit account at the Fed (fed funds), these assets do not count in any of the aggregates. The lower limit was lowered from 7.80 to 7.85 (by 100 pips per week from 23 May to 20 June 2005).The second, M2, includes M1 plus balances that generally are similar to transaction accounts and that, for the most part, can be converted fairly readily to M1 with little or no loss of principal.The M2 measure is thought to be held primarily by households.In the United States, a bank's reserves consist of U. currency held by the bank (also known as "vault cash" For this purpose, paper currency on hand and balances in Fed accounts are interchangeable (both are obligations of the Fed).Reserves may come from any source, including the federal funds market, deposits by the public, and borrowing from the Fed itself.
Some heterodox economists argue that the money supply is endogenous (determined by the workings of the economy, not by the central bank) and that the sources of inflation must be found in the distributional structure of the economy.